Michigan Criminal Law: Theft/Larceny Crimes; Retail Fraud, Second Degree
Loss and theft prevention is a big issue for retailers. Stores, especially larger chains, often have advanced surveillance, loss-prevention employees, and train their staff in techniques designed to deter or minimize losses from theft. However, even with all of these measures, theft offenses still cost larger retailers millions of dollars in losses and these cases still comprise a significant portion of a local court’s misdemeanor docket.
“Retail Fraud, Second Degree”, MCL 750.356 (4), is more severe offense than retail fraud third degree, MCL 750.356 (5), and is often charged against people who allegedly “shop-lift” merchandise from merchants and retailers when the value of the allegedly stolen merchandise has a value over $200.00 and less than $1,000.00.
If the accused individual already has a prior conviction for retail fraud third degree, MCL 750.356 (5), they may be charged with retail fraud second degree even if the value is under $200.00 pursuant to MCL 750.356 (4)(b).
Retail fraud, second degree a misdemeanor punishable upon conviction by “imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $2,000.00 or 3 times the value of the property stolen, whichever is greater, or both imprisonment and a fine,” MCL 750.356 (4),costs, restitution, probation up to two years, or other sanctions at the court’s discretion.
In general terms, this particular charge MCL 750.356 (4) carries significantly greater sanctions for a conviction than a retail fraud third degree. However, it is not as severe as some of the other theft offenses which will be discussed in later posts because it is still a considered a misdemeanor. It is also considered a “crime against dishonesty.” As with any theft offense, there are collateral consequences that go well beyond the courts if a person is convicted of this charge.
As noted in the Michigan Rules of Evidence, convictions involving a “crime against dishonesty” may be used against someone by an opposing lawyer if they ever testify in another court-proceeding to attack their credibility.
A conviction for this type of charge, for example, may also impact a person’s ability to find work in certain fields. A lot of employers, especially those professions involving the financial industry, may be deeply concerned about an applicant or employee if they have this type of conviction on their record.
If convicted, as a misdemeanor, it could stay on a person’s record for a long period of time.
However, certain people, especially younger alleged offenders between the ages of 17-20 who are interested in potentially pleading guilty may be eligible for diversionary programs such the Holmes Youthful Trainee Act (see MCL 762.11-762.16), which, if completed, could keep a conviction from being entered in their public record. Diversionary programs often require probation and generally need to be negotiated through the plea-bargaining process prior to any trials.
Our dedicated and experienced attorneys frequently represent clients on a variety of different charges, including Retail Fraud, Second Degree. For a free initial consultation, feel free to call us at (517) 507-5077.
For information on Michigan’s charge “Uttering & Publishing,” click here.
For information on the Felony charge under Michigan Law, Retail Fraud, First Degree, click here.
For information on the less severe, misdemeanor charge called, under Michigan law, Retail Fraud, Third Degree, click here.
Disclaimer: This blog-post is only general legal advice. If you need specific legal advice, please privately consult with a lawyer. Circumstances vary significantly depending on the alleged facts.